Genesis 10:22


King James Version (KJV)

The children of Shem; Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram.

American King James Version (AKJV)

The children of Shem; Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram.

American Standard Version (ASV)

The sons of Shem: Elam, and Asshur, and Arpachshad, and Lud, and Aram.

Basic English Translation (BBE)

These are the sons of Shem: Elam and Asshur and Arpachshad and Lud and Aram.

Webster's Revision

The children of Shem; Elam, and Ashur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram.

World English Bible

The sons of Shem: Elam, Asshur, Arpachshad, Lud, and Aram.

English Revised Version (ERV)

The sons of Shem; Elam, and Asshur, and Arpachshad, and Lud, and Aram.

Clarke's Genesis 10:22 Bible Commentary

Elam - From whom came the Elamites, near to the Medes, and whose chief city was Elymais.

Asshur - Who gave his name to a vast province (afterwards a mighty empire) called Assyria.

Arphaxad - From whom Arrapachitis in Assyria was named, according to some; or Artaxata in Armenia, on the frontiers of Media, according to others.

Lud - The founder of the Lydians. In Asia Minor; or of the Ludim, who dwelt at the confluence of the Euphrates and Tigris, according to Arias Montanus.

Aram - The father of the Arameans, afterwards called Syrians.

Barnes's Genesis 10:22 Bible Commentary

Twenty-six of the primitive nations are descended from Shem, of which five are immediate.

(45) Elam was settled in a part of the modern Persia, to which he gave name. This name seems to be preserved in Elymais, a province of that country bordering on the Dijlah, and now included in Khusistan. It was early governed by its own kings Genesis 14:1, and continued to occupy a distinct place among the nations in the time of the later prophets Isaiah 22:6; Jeremiah 49:34; Ezekiel 32:24. Its capital was Shushan or Susa Daniel 8:2, now Shuster.

(46) Asshur seems to have originally occupied a district of Mesopotamia, which was bounded on the east by the Tigris Genesis 2:14. The inviting plains and slopes on the east of the Tigris would soon occasion a migration of part of the nation across that river. It is possible there may have been an ancient Asshur occupying the same region even before the flood Genesis 2:14.

(47) Arpakshad is traced in Ἀῤῥαπαχῖτις Arrapachitis, Arrhapachitis, a region in the north of Assyria. V. Bohlen and Benfey identify it with Ariapakshata, denoting a country beside Aria. Gesenius renders it border or stronghold of the Kasdim; but the components of the word are uncertain. The nations descended from Arpakshad are noted at the close on account of their late origin, as well as their import for the subsequent narrative.

(48) Lud is usually identified with the Lydians, Λυδοὶ Ludoi, who by migration at length reached and gave their name to a part of the west coast of Asia Minor.

(49) Aram gave name to the upper parts of Mesopotamia and the parts of Syria north of Palestine. Hence, we read of Aram Naharaim (of the two rivers), Aram Dammesek (of Damascus), Aram Maakah on the southwest border of Damascus, about the sources of the Jordan, Aram Beth Rechob in the same neighborhood, and Aram Zoba to the north of Damascus. The name is perhaps varied in the Ἄριμοι Arimoi of Homer (Iliad 2:783) and Strabo (xiii. 4, 6). From Aram are descended four later nations.

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