Exodus 20:13


King James Version (KJV)

You shall not kill.

American King James Version (AKJV)

You shall not kill.

American Standard Version (ASV)

Thou shalt not kill.

Basic English Translation (BBE)

Do not put anyone to death without cause.

Webster's Revision

Thou shalt not kill.

World English Bible

"You shall not murder.

English Revised Version (ERV)

Thou shalt do no murder.

Clarke's Exodus 20:13 Bible Commentary

Thou shalt not kill - This commandment, which is general, prohibits murder of every kind.

1. All actions by which the lives of our fellow creatures may be abridged.

2. All wars for extending empire, commerce, etc.

3. All sanguinary laws, by the operation of which the lives of men may be taken away for offenses of comparatively trifling demerit.

4. All bad dispositions which lead men to wish evil to, or meditate mischief against, one another; for, says the Scripture, He that hateth his brother in his heart is a murderer.

5. All want of charity to the helpless and distressed; for he who has it in his power to save the life of another by a timely application of succor, food, raiment, etc., and does not do it, and the life of the person either falls or is abridged on this account, is in the sight of God a murderer. He who neglects to save life is, according to an incontrovertible maxim in law, the same as he who takes it away.

6. All riot and excess, all drunkenness and gluttony, all inactivity and slothfulness, and all superstitious mortifications and self-denials, by which life may be destroyed or shortened; all these are point-blank sins against the sixth commandment.

Barnes's Exodus 20:13 Bible Commentary

Matthew 5:21-32 is the best comment on these two verses.

Wesley's Exodus 20:13 Bible Commentary

20:13 Thou shalt not kill — Thou shalt not do any thing hurtful to the health, or life of thy own body, or any other's. This doth not forbid our own necessary defence, or the magistrates putting offenders to death; but it forbids all malice and hatred to any, for he that hateth his brother is a murderer, and all revenge arising therefrom; likewise anger and hurt said or done, or aimed to be done in a passion; of this our Saviour expounds this commandment, Matthew 5:22.

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