Buddhism was founded by Prince Siddhartha Gautama (558-478 BC) belonging to S'akya important clan in northern India (the current region of Nepal). At twenty-nine years, left his family to become a wandering ascetic and seek wisdom. After seven years practicing corporal mortifications and terrible hardships, leaving the ascetic path and attains enlightenment under the Bodhi tree (Buddha in Pali language, means "the awakened one" and Bodhi, the "[a tree] awakening").
Thereafter, he began to preach the Dharma (a word that means the same time, the law or the universal order, and the doctrine that teaches), bringing together many disciples and followers around him. After Buddha's death, his supporters divided into two schools: the Theravadin of (fans of "small vehicle" Hinayana), for which there is only one Buddha and the way of salvation depends on individual effort, and fans Mahayana ("great Vehicle"), under which there are many Buddhas (bodhisattvas, avatars of the Buddha) which, in compassion, shall provide for the salvation of all beings.

Buddhism, similar to Christianity is a universal religion, ie, is not exclusive to one or another category of people. He has a way of salvation that is basically ethical practices and the adoption of a philosophy of life that seeks to understand and remove the causes of human suffering and is accessible to anyone, regardless of their social status and their birth. Thus, Buddhism gained multitudes of followers mainly in northern In

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