The Modal Version of the Ontological Argument for the Existence of God (TRtB #62)

Our Reasons to Believe Scripture passage for today is John 14:6. It reads, "Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me."

Our Reasons to Believe quote for today is from Frank Turek. He said, "It's natural to be skeptical of a story like Noah. However, the greatest miracle in the Bible is not Noah and the flood. The greatest miracle in the Bible is recorded in the first verse: "In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth." If that miracle is true, then every miracle in the Bible is at least possible (including Noah's Ark). If God created the universe, then He can do whatever He wants inside it."

Our Reason to Believe powerpoint today is titled "The Modal Version of the Ontological Argument for the Existence of God" from "The Handbook of Christian Apologetics" by Peter Kreeft and Ronald K. Tacelli:

Charles Hartshorne and Normal Malcolm developed this version of the ontological argument. Both find it implicitly contained in the third chapter of Anselm's Proslogion.

1. The expression "that being than which a greater cannot be thought" (GCB, for short) expresses a consistent concept.

2. GCB cannot be thought of as:
a. necessarily nonexistent; or as
b. contingently existing; but only as
c. necessarily existing

3. So GCB can only be thought of as the kind of being that cannot not exist, that must exist.

4. But what must be so is so.

5. Therefore, GCB (i.e., God) exists.

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