We will study the Counter Reformation, the main events, motives, and who were the leaders what were the consequences for the Catholic Church and
Christian faith. The Counter Reformation was reaction from the Catholic Church and the Reformation ideas and criticisms propagated by Martin Luther .. However, currently, Many historians have questioned the emphasis that gave the movement opposition to Protestantism rather than the movement of renewal
within the Church itself.

Those who defend this questioning, suggest, even, that the movement of restoration of the Church in the first century XVI, is called the Catholic Reformation. Anyway, the Counter Reformation (or Catholic Reformation) had
shares in two directions. On one side were strengthened actions aimed
prevent the spread of Protestant ideas or calls "Heresies". And on the other, measures were taken in order to infuse the clergy and reorganization of administrative structures.

Who has always been ahead of the Counter Reformation were the popes. Those who stood out were Pope Paul III (1534-1549), Pope Paul IV
(1555-1559), Pope Pius V (1566-1572) and Pope Shale V (1585-1590).
Among the main measures, we can highlight: the approval of the Order of
Jesuits, the Council of Trent (1545 - 1563), the Inquisition and the Index (list
works prohibited).

The Order of the Jesuits or Society of Jesus was founded in 1534 by
Spanish military Ignatius of Loyola. The Jesuits themselves as soldiers
Church and initially had a goal and enga

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